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Chemical Peel for Skin Resurfacing

What is a Chemical Peel?

A Chemical Peel uses a chemical solution to improve the texture and tone of your skin by removing the damaged outer layers. Although Chemical Peels are used mostly on the face, they can also be used to improve the skin on your neck and hands. Sun exposure, acne, or just getting older can leave your skin tone uneven, wrinkled, spotted, or scarred. A Chemical Peel is one of the most cost-effective ways to improve the appearance of your skin. The potential result of the Chemical Peel depends on the type of chemical and technique used.

What can Chemical Peel improve?

  • Acne or acne scars

  • Fine lines and wrinkles

  • Irregular skin pigmentation

  • Rough skin and scaly patches

  • Certain scars

  • Sun-damaged skin

What a Chemical Peel can't do?

  • Treat deep facial lines or wrinkles

  • Significantly tighten loose or sagging skin

  • Remove deep scars

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VI Peel Ingredients

M H & B Repair Peel - for Skin Texture and Tone: trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 12%, phenol 10%, salicylic acid 12%, Vitamin C 4%, and tretinoin 0.3 %.

  • TCA (trichloroacetic acid) is an analog of acetic acid (like vinegar) and is an active ingredient in many popular Chemical Peels. When applied to the skin, TCA Peels exfoliate the top layer of skin over the course of several days, exposing a smoother and more attractive new layer of skin underneath.

  • Phenol is used as an ingredient to kill microorganisms, prevent or inhibit their growth and reproduction, help cleanse the skin, or to prevent odor by destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms.

  • Salicylic Acid Peels are treatments used to deeply exfoliate the surface layers of the skin. Salicylic acid breaks the bonds that hold the skin's cells together, causing them to shed away or peel. As the skin regenerates, it is rejuvenated. Salicylic acid is an exfoliating agent that will remove acne-causing bacteria and even slough of dark spots along with other dead skin cells.

  • Vitamin C, a proven antioxidant found in the skin, helps prevent sun spots and lighten the appearance of hyperpigmentation by helping to fight and prevent age and sun-related damage. "There is good literature that shows that vitamin C, in particular, can prevent brown spots, reverse damage from ultraviolet rays, and stimulate the growth of new collagen." Other good skin serum options to target wrinkles are those with antioxidants, including tea polyphenols and resveratrol. With the help of a Vitamin C Peel, you can slough off the dead skills cells, so your body can replace them with new ones giving you a fresh and vibrant glow. This peel can also help anyone suffering from acne, as it deeply cleanses pores and provides an anti-bacterial action to prevent them from reappearing.

  • Topical tretinoin has been shown to increase the production of type I collagen by 80% in photoaged skin. It is thought that the increased collagen content indirectly stimulates the normalization of the elastic tissue organization. The Tretinoin Peel, also known as Retinoic Acid Peel, is a superficial peeling often performed in dermatological clinics in Brazil. The first study on this was published in 2001, by Cuce et al., as a treatment option for melasma. Since then, other studies have reported its applicability with reasonable methodology, although without a consistent scientific background and consensus. Topical tretinoin is used for the treatment of various dermatoses such as acne, melasma, scars, skin aging, and non-melanoma skin cancer.

Cosmelan Peel Ingredients

hydroquinone (up to 8%), retinoic acid, azelaic acid, kojic acid, arbutin, phytic acid, and ascorbic acid.

  • Glycolic acid works to break the bonds between the outer layer of skin cells, including dead skin cells and the next skin cell layer. This creates a peeling effect that can make the skin appear smoother and more even. For people with acne, the benefit of glycolic acid is that the peeling effects result in less "gunk" that clogs the pores. This includes dead skin cells and oil. With less to clog the pores, the skin clears, and you usually have fewer breakouts. Also, glycolic acid can affect the outer skin barrier, helping it retain moisture instead of drying your skin out. This is an advantage for acne-prone people because many other topical anti-acne agents, like salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, are drying. Glycolic acid has anti-bacterial and antioxidant activity, which can also help improve your skin's appearance when you have acne. Glycolic acid can also thicken skin by stimulating collagen growth.

woman taking off the chemical peel

Who is an ideal candidate for Facial Peel?

Individuals who are in good physical health and do not have any underlying health conditions that could affect healing desire to improve the texture and tone of their skin.
You may not be a good candidate for Chemical Peeling if you have:

  • A history of abnormal skin scarring

  • A naturally dark complexion or skin tone

  • A tendency to have extra pigmentation of your scars

  • Used certain acne treatments within the last year

  • Skin conditions or medications that make the skin more sensitive than normal, including certain hormone therapy, smoking

a woman happy with the results of skin resurfacing treatment

What are the side effects?

A Chemical Peel is usually a very safe procedure when performed by a qualified and experienced Practitioner. Patients may experience these common side effects after treatment:

  • Redness, swelling, pain, bruising, itching, and rash.

  • Additional risks associated with certain injection areas may include but are not limited to scar formation, skin color change, infection, inflammation, nerve or blood vessel damage, allergic complications, vascular complications, tissue death.

  • For people with certain skin types, there is a risk of developing a temporary or permanent color change in the skin, either lightening or darkening.

  • Use of hormone medications or a family history of brownish discoloration on the face or in response to scar healing may increase the possibility of developing abnormal pigmentation.

  • If you have suffered from cold sores (herpes) in the past, there is a risk of reactivation. Be sure to ask your doctor to prescribe medication to reduce the risk of a flare-up in response to the treatment.

  • Inform your physician if you have a history of keloids (scar tissue overgrowth) or any unusual scarring tendencies.

What can I expect during Chemical Peeling?

Your provider will start off with a full History and Physical evaluation of your problem and discuss the treatment plan. The treatment usually takes only a few minutes. The process of application and evaluating the result is individualized for the patient until the results are deemed satisfactory.

How long does the procedure take?

The length of time varies depending on a number of factors. These are to include but are not limited to the area being treated, the type of Chemical Peel, and the patient's unique situation. The whole process may be as short as 5 minutes.

What is the recovery time?

Most patients are available to return to their normal activities immediately after treatment. Patients with Chemical Peels treatment can anticipate some pain and inflammation for the first few days as the tissue begin to heal.

Will the procedure hurt?

There is minimal pain, but over-the-counter medications and homeopathic techniques are available for your comfort.

Why are Chemical Peels painful?

You may feel more stinging pain for a short time after the Chemical Peel as your outer layer of skin is removed. This causes swelling and increased blood flow to induce collagen formation. The swelling is needed for the blood cells to start helping you heal long-term.

Are additional treatments needed?

Maintenance treatments are often needed for continued benefits. To maintain the effects, the treatment may be repeated. The need for additional treatments varies from patient to patient. We recommend using Chemical Peels as part of a comprehensive program to improve and maintain the texture and tone of the skin.

Can this treatment be combined with other procedures?

Patients often combine injections depending on their unique condition and phase of their disease. Talk to your provider about your goals to set realistic expectations and design a complete treatment plan that may include more than one type of treatment, as well as recommendations on the timing and scheduling of various treatments.

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